- TUBERCULOSIS PARU (TBC)
Tuberculosis Lung or tuberculosis is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosi and Mycrobacterium bovis bacteria. The bacteria have a size of 0.5-4 microns x 0.3-0.6, microns with a thin, straight or somewhat crooked, granular or non-sameless shape, but have a thick outer layer composed of lipoids. The disease is transmitted through the air (droplet nuclei) when a TB patient coughs and splashes containing the bacteria are inhaled by others during breathing.
Diphtheria is a rare disease, usually affecting adolescents and adults. The cause of this disease is the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheria. The disease has two forms: the first Respiratory Type caused by a bacterial strain that produces toxin (toxigenetics) which usually causes severe symptoms to death, whereas the second form of Cutaneous Type caused by both toxigenetic and non-toxigenetic strains is generally mild with inflammation which is not typical. Transmission of this disease occurs through droplets when the sufferer (career) coughs, sneezes, and speaks. However, the dust or vomit of the patient is also biased to be a medium of transmission.
Petrusis is an acute respiratory infection disease that primarily affects children. The disease is caused by bacteria Bordetella pertussis (Haemophilus pertussis). Bordetella pertussis belongs to the Gram-negative, immobile and non-sporadic Cortobacillus group. These bacteria require a medium to grow like a blood-glycerin-potato medium (Bordet-Gengou) which adds penicillin to inhibit the growth of other organisms. This bacterium is 0.5-1μm in length and its diameter is 0.2-0.3μm. Transmission of the disease through droplets and most infants infected by his brother and sometimes by his parents.
- TETANUS NEONATORUM
Tetanus is a muscle stiffness (spasm) disease caused by exotoxins (tetanospasmin) from tetanus-causing organisms rather than by their own organisms. The disease is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tatani which is a Gram-positive bacterium in the form of a stem with spores on the side of the tip so similar to the drum beater. Tetanus bacteria is anaerobic obligate in the form of vegetative in environment without oxygen and susceptible to heat and disinfectant. The transmission is by Tetanus entering the human body usually through a deep wound with anaerobic atmosphere (without oxygen) as a result of accidents, stab wounds, surgical wounds, dental caries, umbilical cord, etc.